CORAL FRAGMENTS FROM LAND-BASED NURSERY OUTPLANTED IN BID TO RESTORE ISLAMORADA REEFS

Coral fragments are prepped for outplanting at Alligator Reef.

Mote outplanted the first coral fragments from its satellite nursery in Islamorada at Bud N’ Mary’s Marina on April 28. These corals were initially fragmented on the evening of Nov. 11, 2021 during a special celebration of the opening of Islamorada’s first and only coral nursery.  

The Stanczyk family of Bud N’ Mary’s Marina were present and made the first inaugural fragments of the coral nursery. Other supporters of Mote, including Florida Keys Brewing Company owners Craig and Cheryl McBay (with kids Arlo and Rose), Steven Groth of Papa’s Pilar, and Judy Hull, Islamorada Chamber of Commerce executive director, joined in on the fragmenting fun.  Also in attendance were co-founders of I.CARE, Dr. Kylie Smith and Mike Goldberg as well as the dive shop owners and staff that support them including Key Dives, Islamorada Dive Center and Conch Republic Divers.  

These initial fragments of Acropora palmata, commonly known as elkhorn coral, were outplanted at Alligator Reef. Sarah Hamlyn, senior staff biologist and Upper Keys coral restoration manager; Dakotah Merck, staff biologist; and Key Dives owner Mike Goldberg outplanted 130 elkhorn during this initial outplanting. Elkhorn coral, once very prominent of Florida’s Coral Reef, is one of the species listed as threatened under the U.S. Endangered Species Act and is a priority species for Mote’s coral restoration program.

Land-based coral nurseries, like the one at Bud N’ Mary’s, provide a more integrated reef restoration approach, as some native coral species, such as Acropora palmata, grow faster after fragmentation on land compared to in-water fragmentation and grow out. Field-based, or in-water, nurseries will also be utilized for optimized growth of other significant species used in coral restoration. Having the ability to do both land- and in-water based restoration in hybridized nurseries provides Mote a unique advantage to further its resilience-based restoration along Florida’s Coral Reef. 

Mote’s innovative micro fragmentation and reskinning methodology allows it to grow thousands of coral fragments on land before planting them onto the reef, stimulating rapid growth and recovery. Micro fragmentation refers to the act of cutting the coral into small pieces to create genetically identical duplicates that grow as much as 50 times faster. Once the duplicates have grown to about a quarter-size on top of a ceramic plug within the land-based nursery, the corals can be outplanted in circular arrays on the reef. The coral will fuse together quickly once outplanted and in five years or less become sexually mature.

These coral outplants are just the beginning; Mote plans to consistently outplant coral over the coming weeks and months in the Upper Keys. A new land-based nursery in Key Largo, at the Reefhouse Resort and Marina, is underway as well as two in-water field nurseries in the near future. These nurseries, and the staff and partners that support them, prove Mote’s resolve to outplant in the entirety of the Florida Keys portion of Florida’s Coral Reef. Mote, alongside other coral restoration practitioners and partners, are placing additional emphasis on the NOAA-led initiative, Mission: Iconic Reefs – an unprecedented blueprint to restore seven iconic reefs within the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary.  

Mote’s new community engagement manager of the Upper Keys, Erin Muir, will start tours of the Bud N’ Mary’s nursery on Tuesdays at 2 p.m. in June. Tours will be free and open to the public.  Mote’s Elizabeth Moore International Center of Coral Reef Research and Restoration in Summerland Key, home of North America’s largest land-based coral nursery, hosts tours on Tuesdays at 10 a.m. More information is at Mote.org or 305-745-2729 ext. 700.

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